Rules of Solitaire

Translated from French by Steve ThorsTen (2019)

We kindly invite you to learn the rules of Solitaire, a popular card game that is also known under various other names. You may have also encountered the game under names such as Patience and Success. In all cases, the game is played with 52 cards.

The goal of the game is to form four different piles for each suits, i.e. Hearts, Spades, Clubs, and Diamonds. The order of the pile should be ascending, i.e. from Aces to Kings, and so forth.

To Play a Game of Solitaire You Need:

  • A deck with 52 cards in it

To Begin a Game of Solitaire You Need:

To begin playing a game of Patience or Success, more commonly referred to as Solitaire, you need to divide 28 cards in seven columns. Here is how you do this:

  • The first column consists of a single card with the face up

  • The second column consists of two cards, one with the face up and one face down

  • The third column consists of two cards face down, and one card face up

  • The fourth column consists of three cards face down and one card face up

  • The fifth column consists of four cards face down and one card face up

  • The sixth column consists of five cards face down and one card face up

  • The seventh column consists of six cards face down and one card face up

After you have distributed the 28 cards across the seven columns, you still have 24 cards which you will use as your deck.

How to Play Solitaire:

The goal of Solitaire is to form four piles of cards (and each pile has to only have cards that are of the same suit) built in an ascending order. In other words, you start with an Ace and progress your way through 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,10 Jack, Queen, and King. These four specific columns are built next to the seven columns in the middle.

Each column will need to start with an Ace. To start even trying, you will first need to move around the face up cards in the visible columns.

As you can guess, this is done so that you could try and move around the visible cards, offering you a chance to unlock the cards that are not yet visible – i.e. The face down cards. To move a card you just need to add cards in a descending order (within the seven columns) of the same color. Put simply, you only have two colors – red and black – and you strive to move cards around, adding Jacks behind Queens, and so on and so forth.

Example: In the third column you have a 10 of Clubs and fourth column you have a Jack of Hearts. Now, what you can do is to place the 10 behind the Jack and this way you can uncover a face down card from the third column.

If you have successfully moved a visible card, you can flip the hidden one and move it as well if you have the opportunity.

As soon as you have exhausted all possible moves, you will need to draw from your deck. If you draw the card and see that you can place it somewhere, you should place it right after one of the available symbols with which the card matches.

If you can't place a card, you have to put the card back in the pile and keep drawing until such a time that a card can be played.

How to Win at a Game of Solitaire:

A game of Solitaire is completed or "won" as soon as the four piles of cards are completed. It's important to note down that not all games can be brought to an end. It's possible that the cards end up blocking you in such a way that you can simply no longer continue. At this point, you need to restart the game.

Adapted from the original source:

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